Egypt, or the land of the Pharaohs, is most known for its pyramids at Giza and its ancient remains of the old Egyptian civilization. Egypt is the only country in Africa really part of the Middle East. It has also a lot of Islamic remains but also of Coptic Christianity. In the north you find the Mediterranean Sea and in the east the Red Sea with the many tourist resorts. The huge Sanai makes up the eastern part towards Israel and deep deserts in the west towards Libya and in the south Sudan. Most places of interested are located around Cairo, Luxor and Abu Simbel. See my 9 day Egypt itinerary for in and around Cairo for travel ideas.